Calendar

26. 4.

Monday

27. 4.

Tuesday

28. 4.

Wednesday

29. 4.

Thursday

30. 4.

Friday

1. 5.

Saturday

2. 5.

Sunday

3. 5.

Monday

4. 5.

Tuesday

5. 5.

Wednesday

8. 5.

Saturday

9. 5.

Sunday

10. 5.

Monday

11. 5.

Tuesday

12. 5.

Wednesday

13. 5.

Thursday

14. 5.

Friday

15. 5.

Saturday

16. 5.

Sunday

17. 5.

Monday

18. 5.

Tuesday

19. 5.

Wednesday

20. 5.

Thursday

21. 5.

Friday

22. 5.

Saturday

23. 5.

Sunday

24. 5.

Monday

25. 5.

Tuesday

26. 5.

Wednesday

27. 5.

Thursday

28. 5.

Friday

29. 5.

Saturday

30. 5.

Sunday

31. 5.

Monday

1. 6.

Tuesday

2. 6.

Wednesday

3. 6.

Thursday

4. 6.

Friday

5. 6.

Saturday

6. 6.

Sunday

7. 6.

Monday

8. 6.

Tuesday

9. 6.

Wednesday

10. 6.

Thursday

11. 6.

Friday

12. 6.

Saturday

13. 6.

Sunday

14. 6.

Monday

15. 6.

Tuesday

16. 6.

Wednesday

17. 6.

Thursday

18. 6.

Friday

19. 6.

Saturday

20. 6.

Sunday

The building completed in 1933 as Paimio Sanatorium was of key importance to the international career of architects Alvar and Aino Aalto. Together with Vyborg (Viipuri) Library, completed two years later, it gave the Aaltos an international profile. Finnish architecture was no longer merely the receiver of influences from outside.

Designed in

1929-33

Location

Finland, Paimio

— 1

Entrance. Photo: Maija Holma, Alvar Aalto Museum

— 2

Plan of Paimio Sanatorium. Drawing: Alvar Aalto Museum

— 3

Patient wing with sun terraces in 1930s. Photo: Gustaf Welin, Alvar Aalto Museum

— 4

Patient wing with sun terraces altered to interior spaces. Photo: Maija Holma, Alvar Aalto Museum

— 5

Plan of the patient wing. Drawing: Alvar Aalto Museum

— 6

Section. Drawing: Alvar Aalto Museum

— 7

Top floor sun terrace in 1933. Photo: Gustaf Welin, Alvar Aalto Museum

— 8

Patiens in the top floor terrace in 1934. Photo: Gustaf Welin, Alvar Aalto Museum

— 9

Room for patients in 1933. Photo: Gustaf Welin, Alvar Aalto Museum

— 10

"A noiseless wash basin". Drawing: Alvar Aalto Museum

— 11

Paimio chairs were used in the sanatorium. Photo: Gustaf Welin, Alvar Aalto Museum

— 12

Sanatorium during summer. Photo: Maija Holma, Alvar Aalto Museum

— 13

Site plan. Drawing: Alvar Aalto Museum

— 14

Aerial photo of the sanatorium. Photo: Alvar Aalto Museum

Guided tours

Guided tours:
Magni Mundi Oy / Karoliina Vitikainen
+358 44 977 89 81
sales@magnimundi.fi

Later alterations

With the advent of antibiotics, tuberculosis could be cured and ceased to be such a terrifying disease, so the sanatorium was gradually converted into a general hospital from the early 1960s onwards.

After Alvar Aalto’s death in 1976, his office, Alvar Aalto & Co, was in charge of alterations, under the leadership of architect Elissa Aalto from 1976 until 1994; since 1996, design work has been carried out by LPR Architects.

Over the years, the hospital buildings have been altered considerably, but the key characteristics of the architecture and much of the original furniture have been preserved. In recent years, hospital functions have been transferred elsewhere and a new use has been sought for the building.

For new needs to be in harmony with this unique architectural whole, the issues of the future use of the building and change management have to be resolved before the work, started by the National Board of Antiquities, on seeking UNESCO World Heritage status, can be resumed.

Photo: Maija Holma, Alvar Aalto Museum

Publications

 

Alvar Aalto Architect volume 5: Paimio Sanatorium 1929-33 is a detailed book with images and drawings about the building and available on our shop.alvaraalto.fi.

 

Architecture by Alvar Aalto 1: Paimio sanatorium is a booklet presenting the sanatorium with images and drawings. Available on shop.alvaraalto.fi.

 

More information

www.paimionparantola.fi

Guided tours: Magni Mundi Oy
sales@magnimundi.fi

Photo: Maija Holma © Alvar Aalto Foundation

Visit Paimio Sanatorium

See available tours at visit.alvaraalto.fi